Regular physical exams are the cornerstone of a healthy wellness regiment when it comes to prevention and early diagnosis of health problems. The dedicated internists at C+Y Medical PC in Brooklyn, New York, offer a full range of preventive health care services for men and women at every stage of life. If you’re looking for doctors who provide the highest quality of personalized care available, call C+Y Medical or schedule an appointment online today.
Regular physical examinations not only help build a trusting relationship with your doctor, they establish a baseline for your overall health. This baseline helps your doctor identify and treat potential health concerns before they become serious.
During your exam, your doctor measures your:
They also evaluate your risks for diseases based on your personal and family histories, such as diabetes, high cholesterol, and heart disease. Your doctor can also check you for sexually transmitted diseases and provide recommendations for lifestyle changes like exercise and weight loss to help you look and feel your best.
Your doctor will work with you to determine which additional tests should be included as part of your physical exam, such as prostate cancer, cervical cancer, and colon cancer screenings.
Prostate cancer is the most common male-specific cancer. When detected early, it’s usually very responsive to treatment. Prostate cancer often doesn’t present symptoms in the early stages, so regular screenings are key for early detection.
On average, men should begin having regular PSA screenings and digital rectal examinations at age 50. PSA screenings measure the prostate-specific antigens in the blood. This innovative technique helps to both diagnose prostate cancer and identify if you’re at risk of it developing in the future.
Depending on your family history, your doctor might recommend you start getting PSA screenings as early as age 40.
Like prostate cancer, cervical cancer is a very treatable condition with early diagnosis. Pap tests, or Pap smears, screen for cervical cancer.
Pap smears are typically done during a pelvic exam while your doctor is examining your internal reproductive organs and vulva. During a Pap smear, your doctor swabs your cervix, and the sample is tested for abnormal cells.
Women should begin having regular physical examinations, or well-woman exams, that include Pap smears when they become sexually active, or by age 21.
Colon cancer is the third most common cancer in the United States, and is also the third most common cause of death associated with cancer. However, advancements in screening and diagnosis can help ensure effective treatment.
Regular colonoscopies are recommended for most adults beginning at 50. This procedure allows your doctor to evaluate the health of your entire large intestine from the rectum through the colon to the lower end of the small intestine.
To learn more about physical exams, call or schedule an appointment online.